Dr. Thomas R. Paradise

Dr. Thomas R. Paradise
University Professor, Geosciences

117 Gearhart Hall
Fayetteville, AR 72701

Phone: (479) 575-4359
FAX: (479) 575-3469
paradise@uark.edu

Degrees Ph.D. Arizona State University. Geomorphology and Cultural Heritage Management, 1993
  M.S. Georgia State University, Physical Geography and Cartography, 1990
  FGA Graduate Gemologist, Gemological Institute, London, UK, 1983
  GG Graduate Gemologist, Gemological Institute of America, LA (in residence) 1980
  B.S. University of Nevada Reno, Geosciences and Mining, 1979
Teaching Areas
Geographic Field & Research Methods
Urban Planning, Morphology & History
U.S Federal Public Land Policy & History
Islamic Architecture and Building Materials
Geography of the Middle East and North Africa
Natural Hazards: assessment, mitigation & policy
Geomorphology, Applied and Coastal Geomorphology
Historic Preservation Materials Workshop & Laboratory
Introduction to the Natural Environment and Planet Earth
Islamic Art & Architecture (history, techniques & materials)
Computer Cartography and Physical Cartography & Cartometrics
Advanced Cartographic Techniques, Cartographic Animation, and GIS
 
Directed Readings & Graduate Seminars include: Stone Conservation Theory & Practice, Hazards Studies & Risk Perception, Cultural Heritage Management, Roman through Islamic Building Materials and Techniques, Traditional Mosaic Techniques, Conservation and Restoration
Research Interests
When he is not teaching at the University, Dr. Paradise works mostly in the Middle East, North Africa or Italy. He has worked in Petra, Jordan a large ruined city carved out of the beautiful red sandstone of Southern Jordan since the late 1980s. It was constructed and hewn from the reddish cliff faces two thousand years ago by the Nabataeans and later the Romans. This ruined city contains more than 500 spectacular tombs and structures and was unknown to the West until the 19th Century, when it was first described to the Western world in the writings of J. Burckhardt - a notable Swiss explorer. Since the Valley Of Petra was used in the film Indiana Jones and the Last Crusade in 1989, and Israel and Jordan opened their borders, tourism has increased dramatically from a few thousand each year to hundreds of thousands. Israeli visitors now outnumber most other tourist groups. Since 1990, visitors to Petra have increased from 30,000 per year to more than 400,000 and in July 2007, with more than 100 million votes, Petra has been chosen as one of the new Seven Wonders of the World. As a new Wonder, Petra's tourism is expected to double bringing more visitors to this magical valley, emphasizing the need for even more research of this nature. Tourists are often seen climbing and grabbing structures or collecting artifacts and remnants while visiting. In some areas of the Valley, it has been determined that Petra's magnificent architecture has decayed more in the last ten years than in the previous two thousand. So, the University of Arkansas Geosciences team has been identifying and assessing the impacts of nature and tourists on the famous Valley of the Crescent Moon. Our research is conducted in conjunction with a team of German and Jordanian conservators working in Petra to help slow this accelerated deterioration of architecture. By carefully identifying and measuring the influences of climate (i.e. sunlight, moisture), lithology (i.e. density, matrix constituents) biota (i.e. lichen, goats), and visitor populations in the Valley and the region, we have been able to estimate the rates of surface recession and rank these influences affecting rock decay – a significant contribution to weathering and conservation studies. New research directions in Petra will include tomb interior microclimatology (i.e. temperature, relative humidity and carbon dioxide) and the use of synoptic cartography in site accessibility and carrying capacity in cultural resource management. The University of Arkansas' PETRA PROJECT is one of Petra's oldest, ongoing research programs. Please feel free to visit the website for more information on Dr. Paradise and his ongoing research in Petra. His research has been published in numerous earth science and architectural conservation publications including the Journal of Physical Geography, American Journal of Archaeology, Geomorphology, Conservation, Geografiska Annaler, and Zeitscrift fur Geomorphologie. He has also written a number of book chapters on the region including the Environment of Petra in The Great Southern Temple of Petra, an excellent book written and published by Martha and Artemis Joukowsky at Brown University and a score of archaeologists, historians and conservators. He was honored to analyze and assess the mosaic tesserae in Petra’s Byzantine Church under the archaeologists Drs. Zbigniev Fiema and Patricia Bikai in their important and beautiful book The Petra Church (ACOR Press). In addition, he is a regular consultant to the Petra National Trust, an important Jordanian NGO instrumental in overseeing activities and policy implementation in Petra. The organization is directed by an amazing administrator, Aysar Akrawi. In recent years, an additional research direction has emerged. With his expertise in architecture, building materials and natural hazards, Paradise has been asked increasingly by foreign agencies to assist in the evaluation of seismic risk (and tsunami and volcanic-related quake activity) and regional and/or community policies. However, as this work has developed, it has become clear that cultural differences and perceptions in risk assessment are dramatically influential. As a result, the team at the University of Arkansas’ Geosciences Department has started to investigate these similarities and differences by interviewing scores of individuals in these at-risk communities – 300 people were interviewed in Agadir (newsline article), Morocco in 2003, 400 were interviewed in Messina on Sicily in 2005 – all in the hopes of establishing a huge network of similar interviews as to why some communities plan for imminent disaster and others do not.
 
O passing beautiful –- in this wild spot, temples, and tombs, and dwellings,–- all forgot!
One sea of sunlight far around them spread, and skies of sapphire mantling overhead.
They seem no work of man’s creative hand, where Labour wrought as wayward Fancy plann’d.
But from the rock as if by magic grown, eternal –- silent –- beautiful –- alone!
Not virgin white, like that old Doric shrine where once Athena held her rites divine of saintly grey
Like many a minster fane that crowns the hill, or sanctifies the plain.
But rosy-red, as if the blush of dawn which first beheld them were not yet withdrawn.
The hues of youth upon a brow of woe, which men call’d old two thousand years ago!
Match me such marvel, save in Eastern clime –- a rose-red city –- half as old as Time!

Excerpt from John William Burgon's poem, Petra (1845)
Professional Biography
Tom Paradise has been a professor of at the University of Arkansas since 2000 before which he was a professor in Environmental Studies and Geography at the University of Hawaii at Hilo (since 1993).  He comes with a varied background in Geography, Cartography, Geology and Architectural/Art History.  This unique combination of knowledge has guided his work in the study of architectural deterioration and rock weathering due to environmental influences like climate, pollution, and human use, in addition to investigating natural hazards and risk assessment.  His research has taken him throughout the Mediterranean and Middle East, where his expertise has been requested by agencies in Italy, Egypt, Morocco and Jordan, in addition to UNESCO and the U.S. State Department,  USIA-USAID, CIES-Fulbright and NMERTP.  From 1998 to 2000, he was awarded a Fulbright to continue his research on architectural deterioration in Petra, Jordan.
Awards related to his academic career include Fulbright Senior Scholar Award (CIES) to Jordan 1998-2000, Professor of the Year at the University of Arkansas (2009), Regent's Award in Teaching Excellence at the University of Hawaii 1998, University of Hawai'i System Spokesman: "Catch the Spirit of Hawai'i" Campaign 1997-2000, Fantastic Faculty Awards: 90th Anniversary of University of Hawai'i (system-wide)1997, Regent's Award Teacher of the Year at Arizona State University, Tempe, Arizona 1993, Hammond Academic Scholarship in Earth Sciences at University of Nevada at Reno 1976-1980
Job Duties
At the University of Arkansas, Dr. Paradise has taught classes and seminars in hazards and risk, cartography, cultural & natural resource management, Islamic architecture and art, physical geography, geomorphology, and regional geography including the Middle East, the Mediterranean, and North Africa.  While teaching at the University of Hawai'i, his classes included geomorphology, environmental studies, cartography and GIS, natural hazard studies, field mapping and research methods.  He was also the Chief Cartographer for the best-seller Atlas of Hawai'i and a co-author of the English and Hawaiian language versions of the Student Atlas of Hawai'i.  Critics have called the Atlas of Hawai'i "the book of the decade" and "beautiful, informative and fascinating -- the only book on Hawaii that you will ever need or want!"  The Atlas received the 1999 Book of the Year Award by the Pacific & Hawaiian Booksellers Association -- a rare honor. Tom Paradise's extensive cartographic repertoire includes more than 2,000 published maps including work with numerous publishers (including McGraw-Hill, Prentice-Hall, Wiley, University Presses), national agencies (ie US State Department, USIS-USIA, Italy, Morocco, Tunisia), and various corporations.
He is currently involved with the University of Arkansas’ King Fahd Center for Middle East & Islamic Studies. The Center is an informational and educational resource on the Middle East, North Africa and the Islamic world for the state of Arkansas, and the University of Arkansas community.   Professor Paradise is active with student advising and mentorship, research coordination, outreach and related teaching (Islamic Art & Architecture, Geography of the Middle East & North Africa, Middle East Cultural & Natural Resource Issues).  Paradise's expertise in Middle East and Mediterranean resources, architecture and related issues has been requested by agencies and firms that include the US State Department, CNN, US Geologic Survey, US Bureau of Reclamation, UNESCO, US National Science Foundation, National Public Radio, National Geographic Society, and Natural Resource and Geological Agencies in Morocco, Italy and Jordan. The core faculty of the King Fahd Center comprises noted specialists on the Middle East, North Africa and the Islamic world across a variety of academic disciplines. The Center maintains partnerships and affiliations with universities and research institutes in Morocco.
Dr. Paradise joined the faculty of the Geography division of Geosciences in the Fall of 2000. His primary research interests are in geomorphology and resource management, specifically the deterioration of classical architecture, stone weathering, hazards and risk, and in human impacts on cultural resources.  Since the 1980s, his work has focused on the magical Nabataean site of Petra in southern Jordan, now one of the new Seven Wonders of the World.  New research projects in architecture and hazards include sites across the Mediterranean, North Africa and the Levant. His research on architectural deterioration, stone weathering, and cultural resource management has been published in three books, numerous book chapters and more than fifty peer-review papers. His work on architectural deterioration has been supported by various international agencies including National Science Foundation, USAID, USIA-USIS, Petra National Trust, NMERTP, US State Department, CIES-Fulbright, and the Jordanian Department of Antiquities.
Dr. Paradise's expertise on the Middle East and North Africa has been requested by numerous national governments including the Kingdoms of Jordan and Morocco, Lebanon, Syria, Italy, Turkey, Tunisia, and Egypt and numerous media groups including ABC-News, CNN, the London Times, Chicago Tribune, LA Times, PBS-TV, La Domenica del Corriere (Italy) and the Smithsonian Institution. Dr. Paradise is also a noted cartographer and served as Director of Cartography for the award winning Atlas of Hawai'i as well as two award-winning Student Atlas of Hawai'i. In 1999, the Atlas of Hawai'i was awarded the coveted Pacific Rim's Ka Palapala Po`okela Award for Excellence in Non-fiction, Hawaiian Culture, Production, and Design - a rare honor for a book of this magnitude and popularity. Over the past twenty years as well, he has published more then 2,000 maps for various publishers, corporations, authors and agencies in the US and abroad. Paradise has taught cartography classes in thematic mapping techniques, geospatial visualization, introductory geographic information systems (GIS), animated cartography, elements of graphic data, and advanced cartographic production techniques. He studied under and worked for the renown cartographer, Borden Dent at Georgia State University and is currently responsible for the University of Arkansas' Cartography Program in the Department of Geosciences.
At the University of Arkansas, he is currently teaching classes in Middle East and North Africa geography, natural disasters assessment, mitigation & policy, hazards perception & risk, Islamic art & architecture, in addition to contributing to the department's geomorphology program. Dr. Paradise has taught courses in environmental research & field methods, applied geomorphology, historic preservation and stone conservation, geospatial visualization, coastal geomorphology, geographic information systems (GIS), computer cartography, and advanced computer cartography & animation. Professor has also received numerous awards for his teaching including the University of Hawai'i Regents' Award for Professor of the Year in 1998, and the Associated Students of the University of Arkansas, and the University of Arkansas Alumni Awards for Outstanding Teaching in 2009.  Professor Paradise has taught overseas at the University of Rome, University of Jordan, and the American University of Cairo, in addition to universities in Arizona, Georgia, Texas, Washington, New York, Colorado, Hawai'i and California. In addition, Paradise is active in the Arkansas Osher Lifelong Learning Institute (OLLI). As a founding instructor, he continues to teach classes about the Middle East, Petra (Jordan), Art and Architecture, and various topics related to Geography and the our ever-changing and interesting World. Dr. Paradise was the Associate Director of the King Fahd Center for Middle East & Islamic Studies in the J. William Fulbright College of Arts & Sciences and is active with the Middle East Studies Program (MEST) at the University of Arkansas.
Academic Interests and Accomplishments
Dr. Paradise joined the faculty of the Geography division of Geosciences in the Fall of 2000. His primary research interests are in geomorphology and resource management, specifically the deterioration of classical architecture, stone weathering, hazards and risk, and in human impacts on cultural resources.  Since the 1980s, his work has focused on the magical Nabataean site of Petra in southern Jordan, now one of the new Seven Wonders of the World.  New research projects in architecture and hazards include sites across the Mediterranean, North Africa and the Levant. His research on architectural deterioration, stone weathering, and cultural resource management has been published in three books, numerous book chapters and more than fifty peer-review papers. His work on architectural deterioration has been supported by various international agencies including National Science Foundation, USAID, USIA-USIS, Petra National Trust, NMERTP, US State Department, CIES-Fulbright, and the Jordanian Department of Antiquities.
Dr. Paradise's expertise on the Middle East and North Africa has been requested by numerous national governments including the Kingdoms of Jordan and Morocco, Lebanon, Syria, Italy, Turkey, Tunisia, and Egypt and numerous media groups including ABC-News, CNN, the London Times, Chicago Tribune, LA Times, PBS-TV, La Domenica del Corriere (Italy) and the Smithsonian Institution. Dr. Paradise is also a noted cartographer and served as Director of Cartography for the award winning Atlas of Hawai'i as well as two award-winning Student Atlas of Hawai'i. In 1999, the Atlas of Hawai'i was awarded the coveted Pacific Rim's Ka Palapala Po`okela Award for Excellence in Non-fiction, Hawaiian Culture, Production, and Design - a rare honor for a book of this magnitude and popularity. Over the past twenty years as well, he has published more then 2,000 maps for various publishers, corporations, authors and agencies in the US and abroad. Paradise has taught cartography classes in thematic mapping techniques, geospatial visualization, introductory geographic information systems (GIS), animated cartography, elements of graphic data, and advanced cartographic production techniques. He studied under and worked for the renown cartographer, Borden Dent at Georgia State University and is currently responsible for the University of Arkansas' Cartography Program in the Department of Geosciences.
At the University of Arkansas, he is currently teaching classes in Middle East and North Africa geography, natural disasters assessment, mitigation & policy, hazards perception & risk, Islamic art & architecture, in addition to contributing to the department's geomorphology program. Dr. Paradise has taught courses in environmental research & field methods, applied geomorphology, historic preservation and stone conservation, geospatial visualization, coastal geomorphology, geographic information systems (GIS), computer cartography, and advanced computer cartography & animation. Professor has also received numerous awards for his teaching including the University of Hawai'i Regents' Award for Professor of the Year in 1998, and the Associated Students of the University of Arkansas, and the University of Arkansas Alumni Awards for Outstanding Teaching in 2009.  Professor Paradise has taught overseas at the University of Rome, University of Jordan, and the American University of Cairo, in addition to universities in Arizona, Georgia, Texas, Washington, New York, Colorado, Hawai'i and California. In addition, Paradise is active in the Arkansas Osher Lifelong Learning Institute (OLLI). As a founding instructor, he continues to teach classes about the Middle East, Petra (Jordan), Art and Architecture, and various topics related to Geography and the our ever-changing and interesting World. Dr. Paradise was the Associate Director of the King Fahd Center for Middle East & Islamic Studies in the J. William Fulbright College of Arts & Sciences and is active with the Middle East Studies Program (MEST) at the University of Arkansas.
Recent Advised Theses and Dissertations
"Perception and Urban Morphology in Petra, Jordan 100BC-400AD"
(PhD: C. Angel 2017)
"A Multi-disciplinary Analysis to Rock Art Assessment Methodologies and Management Policies: Case studies from Jordan, Grenada, and the American Southwest" (MS: K. Groom 2016)
"Seismic Risk Analysis and Syrian Refugee Relocation Policies in Turkey"
(MS: B. Wilson 2016)
“An Assessment of Urban Planning, Place and Perception in Palestine and Israel”
(MA: A. Duplantis, 2016)
"Drought Assessment and Agricultural Productivity in India, 1950-2010"
(MA: A. Shew 2016)
“Environmental Influences on Sandstone Architecture and Tafoni in Petra, Jordan”
(MA: K. Groom, 2015)
"Geomatic Assessment of Green Space history, trends, and function across Kuwait City, from 1982 to 2014. (MA: Y. A. Alkandari 2015)
"A Hazard Assessment and Proposed Risk Index for Art, Architecture, Archive, and Artifact Protection: case studies for assorted international museums"
(MS: C. Kirk 2014)
"Geographic Assessment of the Perception of Nature Reserves and National Parks in Kuwait"
(MA: M. Alenezi 2014)
"Recreational Risk Assessment using Geospatial Analyses on Beaver Lake, Arkansas"
(MA: L. Ahrens 2014)
"Geospatial Analysis of the Foreign Labor Force Distribution and Housing Services in Kuwait, from 2003 to 2012"
(MA: S. Nadoum 2014)
Analysis of Environmental Influences on Dressed Stone Decay: case study of tafoni development on a hewn djinn block in Petra, Jordan
(MA: K. Groom 2014)
“Integrating Seismic Activity into Landuse Management: a case study from Central Arkansas using HAZUS applications”
(MA: R. Brashear 2013)
"GIS analysis of environmental perception and aquifer mining across the Madaba Plain, Jordan"
(PhD: M. Salem, 2012)
Before and After Hurricane Ike: risk perception of hurricane hazards in Galveston, Texas"
(MA: R. Mickens, 2010)
"Geomatic analysis of seismic and tsunami risk preparedness in Fujairah City, UAE"
(MA: K. Al-Abdouli, 2010)
"Perception of Environmental degradation from 'ecotourism' in Wadi Run, Jordan"
(MA: M. McKee, 2009)
"An Assessment of Geographic Cognition and Knowledge: a case study of young adults"
(MA: S. Hughes, 2009)
"Unique nomadic to sedentary urban morphology in Umm Sayhoun, Jordan"
(MA: C. Angel, 2008)
"Spatial Analysis of Landcover and Landuse in the Al-Mafraq region of Northern Jordan"
(MA: R. Al-Jawarneh, 2008)
"Seismic Hazard and Risk Perception in Messina, Sicily (Italy)"
(MA: D. Jaber, 2007)
"Water resource and depletion hazard perception among rice farmers on the Arkansas Delta"
(MA: M. Reece, 2007)
"Assessment of flood hazard from Hurricane Jeanne on Hispaniola using GIS and remote sensing"
(MA: M. Sarhan 2006)
"Analysis of antecedent American terrorist activities using spatial visualization & GIS"
(MA: P. Roberts 2006)
“Geospatial analysis of cultural tourism in Tunisia: 1993 to 2004"
(MA: S. Kirkland 2006)
“Perception analyses and GIS in innovative urban plan modeling: Fayetteville, Arkansas"
(PhD: S. Thawaba 2005)
“Distribution of bias and perception regarding the non-native influx to the United Arab Emirates”
(MA: A. Alalii 2005)
“Seismic risk perception and architectural safety in Agadir, Morocco: 40 years after the great quake”
(MA: M. Frus 2004)
“Safety from the Storm: risk perception analysis and safety in Tornado Alley”
(MA: D. Adcock 2004)
“Synoptic visualization in cultural heritage management in Petra, Jordan”
(MA: M. Salem, 2003)
“Arkansas tornado risk perception and reality using GIS”
(MA: M. Passe-Smith 2003)
“Spatial distribution and representation of crime in Doha, Qatar”
(MA: A. al-Kamali 2002)
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
“Assessment of the Spatial Relationships, Arrangements, and Alignments of Nabataean Architecture and City Form in Petra, Jordan”
(PhD: C. Angel, slated 2013)
“Analysis of seismic risk vulnerability and perception among Christian, Muslim, and Jewish communities in Jerusalem”
(MA: G. Henderson, slated 2013)
“Analysis and Distribution of the Perception of Influences in the Political Upheavals Across the Arab Mediterranean and Arabian Peninsula”
(MA: R. Cochran, slated 2013)
Landuse change and environmental perception across the West Bank, Palestine
(MA: A. Duplantis, slated 2013)
"Perception of flood risk along the Arkansas River in Van Buren, Arkansas"
(MA: C. Whiley, slated for 2013+)
"Analysis of Seismic Hazard and Risk Perception in post-Quake Pakistan"
(MA: H. Verzon, slated for 2013+)
"Post-Katrina Hurricane Risk Perception and Comparative Demographic Assessment, New Orleans"
(MA: J. Kilpatrick, slated for 2013+)
Personal Information
Reared in San Francisco's North Beach and Telegraph Hill (the City's big Italian neighborhood), Paradise attended the Mackay School of Mines in Reno, Nevada (BS), and both Georgia (MS) and Arizona (PhD) State Universities where he studied earth and environmental sciences, climatology, cartography & GIS, and Middle East & Mediterranean geography, having studied materials and stone conservation, art and architectural history, and cultural resource management as well in Italy (Bologna, Ravenna, Venice, Rome), and Jordan (Amman).  He has lived in the United States, Jordan, and Italy and has taught classes in Morocco, Italy, Jordan, Lebanon, Egypt and Tunisia. In addition to his undergraduate and graduate education and research in the environmental fields, Paradise has also earned top honors in the study of Gemology at the Gemological Institute of America in Los Angeles (GG), and the Gemmological Association of Great Britain in London at Goldsmith's Hall (FGA), with the International Society of Appraisers, and the American Gem Society. He has also studied and conducted research on enamel, stone, and glass mosaic conservation and repair in the US, Italy, Tunisia and Jordan.  He continues to maintain his certification in gemology and expertise in materials and mosaic studies which support his extensive background in cultural and natural heritage management and conservation. In addition to his extensive geomological training in Great Britain and the US, he has studied Classical-Byzantine hardstone, gem, and glass mosaic techniques in Rome and Ravenna, continuing to work in mosaic and art restoration, conservation and design, often creating large mosaic pieces in traditional styles (JHS Gallery in Taos, NM) for American and European exhbition. In addition to his university work, he continues to teach and advise in American, European and Levantine materials and arts conservation with such organizations as the Osher Lifelong Learning Institute (OLLI).
MEDIA LINKS: Professor Paradise has been interviewed for segments on CNN, Good Morning America (ABC), La Domenica del Corriere (Italy), Smithsonian (US), National Geographic Society, Ra'i (Jordan), MSNBC and various media organizations -- links to some media services follow:
Petra Digital Mapping Project, Petra: Decaying History, Morocco Earthquake Risk Perception, Biography of Paradise in Petra
Selected Publications and Presentations
Paradise, T.R. 2016. ‘Earth-Sun Relationship and Architecture in Petra, Jordan”, American Journal of Archaeology (AJA): October 2016.
Paradise, T. R. 2016. "Earth-Sun relationships and Architectural orientation in Petra, Jordan: An analysis of the principal tombs and structures."In Annual of the Department of Antiquities of Jordan (ADAJ), Fall 2016.
Davidson, F.M. and Paradise, T.R. 2015. "Landscape, Environment, and Geography of the Mississippi River Delta Region", chapter in Defining the Delta (editor: J. Collins). University of Arkansas Press.
Paradise, T.R. 2015. “Analysis of sandstone deterioration on petroglyphs, architecture, inscriptions, and dressed surfaces in Wadi Rum, Jordan”, chapter in Desert & Man II, (editor S. Fares). University of Lorraine Publications (Nancy, France): 21pp.
Groom, K., Allen, C., Paradise, T., Mol, L. and Hall, K. 2015 "Defining Tafoni: nomenclature for a globally diverse rock decay phenomena".  Progress in Physical Geography (in press).
Paradise, T.R. and Angel, C.C., Winter 2015. ‘Petra, Architecture, GIS, and the Sun: a landmark discovery in the Valley of the Crescent Moon”, ArcUser (ESRI).
Paradise, T.R. 2014. “Analysis of sandstone deterioration on petroglyphs, architecture, inscriptions, and dressed surfaces across Wadi Rum, Jordan”, in Desert and Man 2, (editor S. Fares). University of Lorraine Publications (Nancy, France).
Paradise, T.R. 2014. “Nabataean Stone Dressing and Lithology in Petra, Jordan.” American Journal of Archaeology v.118:4
Paradise, T.R. 2013. “Rock Weathering Assessment of tafoni distribution and environmental factors on a sandstone djinn block above Petra, Jordan”. Applied Geography 42: 176-185
Paradise, T.R. 2013. “Assessment of tafoni distribution and environmental factors on a sandstone djinn block above Petra, Jordan. Applied Geography (in press).
Paradise, T.R. 2013. “Sandstone Deterioration, Nature, and Tourism: Lessons learned from Petra, Jordan” in the Proceedings from the Conference, ‘Desert and Man” (ed. G. Chatelard, S. Fares), Wadi Rum, Jordan, November 11-13, 2011: 21pp.
Paradise, T.R. 2013. “Rock Weathering and Stone Conservation” chapter in the Encyclopedia of Global Archaeology (ed. Melanie Kingsley). Chapter 291, Springer Publishing: 11pp
Dorn, R., Gordon, S., Allen, C., Cerveny, N., Dixon, J., Groom, K., Hall, K., Harrison, E., Mol, L., Paradise, T.R., Sumner, P., Thompson, T., Turkington, A. 2103. The role of fieldwork in rock decay research: Case studies from the fringe. Geomorphology:1-16
Paradise, T.R. 2013. “Sandstone deterioration and development of tafoni on an isolated Djinn Block high above Petra, Jordan”. American Journal of Archaeology (AJA) v.116 (7).
Paradise, T.R. and Comer, D. 2012. “Assisting Cultural Heritage Management with GIS in Petra, Jordan”. ESRI ArcNews v.34 (Summer).
Paradise, T.R. 2012. “Petra’s Great Flood: evidence for a catastrophic flood in the 5th-6th Century”.  Annual of the Department of Antiquities of Jordan (ADAJ), 55: 18pp (in press).
Paradise, T.R. 2011 "Architectural Deterioration and Tourism in Petra" in PETRA - Tourism: Driven to Destruction? D. Comer (editor), ICAHM-ICOMOS (UNESCO), Paris, France.
Paradise, T.R. 2011. "Tafoni and other Rock Weathering Basins," chapter in Geomorphology Elsevier Series, (ed) G. Pope Oxford UK.
Paradise, T.R. 2010. ““Assessment of tomb humidity, tourism, and surface recession in Petra, Jordan”. Annals of the Department of Antiquities of Jordan (ADAJ) v.54:151-174.
Paradise, T.R. 2010. “Tourism and Chamber Humidity in Petra, Jordan”. Journal of Architectural Conservation v16.2:63-79.
Paradise, T.R. 2008. "Islam and Earthquakes: risk perception and the Qur'an". Journal of Islamic Law & Culture v10: 2, 213-229
Paradise, T.R. 2005. “Weathering of sandstone architecture in Petra, Jordan: influences and rates”, GSA Special Paper 390: Stone Decay in the Architectural Environment: 39–49.
Turkington, A, & Paradise, T. 2005. “Sandstone Weathering: a Century of Progress & Innovation”, Geomorphology 67:229-253.
Turkington, A, & Paradise, T. 2004. “Sandstone Weathering: a Century of Progress & Innovation” Binghamton Conference on Geomorphology Proceedings 2004: 46pp.
Pope, G.P., Meierding, T.C., Paradise, T.R., 2002. “Geomorphic Approach to Weathering Studies in Cultural Resource Management (CRM)”, Geomorphology 45 7:211-222
Paradise, T.R. 2002. “Sandstone Weathering and Aspect in Petra, Jordan”, Zeitschrift für Geomorphologie 46:1-17.
Pope, G.P., Paradise, T.R., Meierding, T.C. 2001. “Geomorphic Approach to Weathering Studies in Cultural Resource Management (CRM)”, Binghamton Conference Proceedings on Geomorphology 1999, 17pp.
Paradise, T.R. 2000. “Architectural Deterioration and Cultural Management Issues in Petra, Jordan: a decade of research” UNESCO/ICOMOS International Congress on Culture and Monuments in Venice, Italy. 19pp.
Paradise, T.R. 2000. “Architectural Deterioration and Aspect in Petra, Jordan”, American Journal of Archaeology  (AJA).
Paradise, T.R. 1999. “The Influences of Weathering on Classical and Nabataean Architecture in Jerash, Amman and Petra, Jordan”, Annual of the Department of Antiquities of Jordan (ADAJ), Amman.
Paradise, T.R. 1998. "The Natural History and Landscape of Petra" chapter in Petra's Great Temple (ed. M. Joukowsky) Brown University Press: Providence.
Paradise, T.R. 1998. "Limestone Variability and Weathering, Great Temple of Amman", Physical Geography 19:134-147.
Paradise, T.R. 1997. "Limestone Weathering Analysis, Great Temple of Amman, Jordan”, in American Journal of Archaeology 101:493-496.
Paradise, T.R. 1997. "Sandstone Weathering from Lichen Overgrowth, Red Mountain, Arizona", in Geografiska Annaler Stockholm) 79(3):177-184.
Paradise, T.R. 1997. "Deterioration of Sandstone Tomb Façades in Petra, Jordan" prepared for the American Center of Oriental Research (ACOR) and the Petra National Trust, 14pp.
Paradise, T.R. 1997. "Natural Hazards in the Hawaiian Islands" in The Atlas of Hawai'i (ed. S. Juvik, J. Juvik) University of Hawaii Press: Honolulu.
Paradise, T.R. 1995. "Sandstone Weathering Thresholds in Petra, Jordan" in Physical Geography 16:205-222.
Paradise, T.R. 1995. "Deterioration and Weathering of the Roman Theater, Petra, Jordan" in American Journal of Archaeology 99:507-508.
Paradise, T.R. 1994. "Limestone Weathering Rate Analysis" in Roman Architecture: The Great Temple of Amman. (ed. C. Kanellopoulos), National Press of Jordan and ACOR, Jordan.
Paradise, T.R. 1994. "Weathering of the Roman Theater in Petra, Jordan", in American Journal of Archaeology 98:542-544 (July 1994).
Paradise, T.R. and Z.Y. Yin.  1993. "Weathering Pit Characteristics and Topography, Stone Mountain, Georgia", Physical Geography 14:68-81
Paradise, T.R. 1990. "The Archaeological Style -- Influences of Major European and Asian Excavations on the 19th Century". in HERITAGE: Journal of Antique Jewelry & Metals (November).
Paradise, T.R. 1985. "California Nephrite Jade Occurrence and Distribution", in Journal of Gemmological Sciences, British Gemmological Institute.
Paradise, T.R. 1982. "The Natural Formation and Distribution of Greened Quartz", in Gems and Gemology, Gemological Institute of America (G.I.A.).

Publications & Reports (unrefereed)

Paradise, T.R. 2009. “Tunisia”, chapter in EARTH Atlas, Millennium House Publishers.
Paradise, T.R. 2007. “U.S. Geological Survey, U.S. Bureau of Reclamation, U.S. Department of the Interior, U.S General Mining Law of 1876, U.S. Antiquities Act of 1906, Techniques of Mining, and the Organization of Oil-Producing Countries (OPEC)”, chapters in the Encyclopedia of Environment and Society, (editor Geoff Golson), Facts on File Publishers
Paradise, T.R. 2006. “Algeria, Atlas Mountain, Egypt, Morocco, and Tunisia”, chapters in the Encyclopedia of World Geography, (editor Geoff Golson), Facts on File Publishers
Paradise, T.R.  2001.  “Mosaic Tessarae Composition in Petra, Jordan in The Byzantine Church of Petra, Jordan” (editor P. Bikai), American Center of Oriental Research (ACOR), Jordan.
Paradise, T.R. 1989. "Historical Usage of Metal and Enameling Techniques" HERITAGE: Journal of Antique Jewelry & Metals (February).

Books

Paradise, T. R. 2011. Arkansas: an Illustrated Atlas, The Butler Center and Arkansas Studies Institute, Little Rock (60pp).
Juvik, J., Paradise, T, Juvik, S. 1999. Student Atlas of Hawai'i (Hawaiian Language edition), Bess Press, Honolulu (60pp).
Juvik, J., Paradise, T, Juvik, S. 1998. Student Atlas of Hawai'i, Bess Press, Honolulu (60pp).
Juvik, S., Juvik, J, Paradise, T. 1996. Atlas of Hawaii, University of Hawaii Press, Honolulu.
Grants
$1,335,000 (since 1990)
US State Department
Sigma XI Scientific Research Society
University of Hawai’i Research Council
US National Science Foundation (NSF)
US Information Service & Agency (USIS/USIA)
US Agency for International Development (USAID)
US National Middle East Training Program (NMERTP)
US Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA)
UN Educational, Scientific, and Cultural Organization (UNESCO)
Council for the International Exchange of Scholars (Fulbright CIES)