Department of Mathematical Sciences

309 SCEN

University of Arkansas

Fayetteville, AR 72701

P 479-575-3351

F 479-575-8630

E-mail: math@uark.edu

# 39th Spring Lecture Series

"Multiparameter Geometry and Analysis." A series of five lectures by Alexander Nagel (University of Wisconsin).

April 10-12, 2014

### Participants

**Alexander Nagel **(University of Wisconsin-Madison)**Colin Adams** (Williams College)**Mustafa Ayyuru **(Texas A&M University)**Albert Boggess **(Arizona State University)**Michael Christ** (University of California-Berkeley)**Sorin Dragomir** (Universita della Basilicata, Italy)**Michael Gilliam** (The College of New Rochelle)**Jennifer Halfpap** (University of Montana)**Chizuko Iwaki** (University of Arkansas)**Kenneth Koenig** (The Ohio State University)**Bingyuan Liu** (Washington University in St. Louis)**Alessandro Monguzzi**, (University of Milan)**Jeffrey McNeal** (The Ohio State University)**Aaron Peterson** (University of Wisconsin-Madison)**Malabika Pramanik** (University of British Columbia)**Fulvio Ricci** (Scuola Normale Superiore)**Emil Straube** (Texas A&M University)**Brian Street** (University of Wisconsin)**Pascal Thomas** (Universite Paul Sabatier – Toulouse III)**Michael Tinker** (University of Arkansas)**Po Lam Yung** (University of Oxford)**Yue Zhang** (Texas A&M University

### 2014 Organizers

Phil Harrington (University of Arkansas)

Andy Raich (University of Arkansas)

**Mustafa Ayyuru (Texas A&M University)**Title: Compactness of the $\bar{\partial}$-Neumann operator on the intersection domains
in $\mathbb{C}^n$

*Abstract: If two bounded pseudoconvex domains in $\mathbb{C}^n$ intersect each other and have compact $\bar{\partial}$-Neumann operators, does it follow that the intersection domain has also compact $\bar{\partial}$-Neumann operator? We will present our results to answer this question.*

**Al Boggess (Arizona State University)**Title: Survey of Estimates for the Solutions of \Box_b and the \Box_b Heat Equation

*Abstract:This presentation will start with the definitions of \Box_b and the \Box_b heat equation along with the relationship between these two operators. The fundamental solutions to these operators can be estimated by a combination of the control and Szego metrics in the case of a hypersurface in C^n defined by a decoupled set of polynomial equations. A survey of such estimates obtained by various researchers, including joint work with Andrew Raich, will be presented. Progress to date on the construction and estimate of solutions in higher codimenstion will also be presented.***Michael Christ (University of California-Berkeley)**

Title: A Sharpened Hausdorff-Young Inequality *Abstract: For any locally compact Abelian group, the Hausdorff-Young inequality states
that the Fourier transform maps $L^p$ to $L^q$, where the two exponents are conjugate
and $p\in[1,2]$. For $\reals^d$, the optimal constant was found Babenko for $q$ an
even integer, and by Beckner (1975) for general exponents. Lieb (1990) showed that
all extremizers are Gaussian functions. This is a uniqueness theorem; these Gaussians
form the orbit of a single function under the group of symmetries of the inequality.We establish a stabler form of uniqueness: If a function $f$ nearly achieves the optimal
constant in the inequality, then $f$ must be close in norm to a Gaussian. This can
equivalently be formulated as a precompactness theorem in the style of the calculus
of variations. Such a result can also be viewed as a sharpening of the inequality.
Because the symmetry group includes the full affine group, this is multi-parameter
analysis in one sense.The proof relies on ingredients taken from from additive combinatorics. Central to
the reasoning are arithmetic progressions; more exactly, arithmetic progressions of
arbitrarily high rank. Thus this is in a (second) sense infinite--parameter analysis.*

**Michael Gilliam (The College of New Rochelle)**

Title: The Szeg\"{o} Kernel for Certain Non-pseudoconvex Domains in $\mathbb C^2.$*Abstract: [PDF] **The Szeg\"{o} projection operator associated with a domain $\Omega$ in $\mathbb C^n$
with smooth boundary is of fundamental interest in complex analysis. Its action can
often be expressed as integration against a distribution, known as the Szeg\"{o} kernel,
on $\partial\Omega\times\partial\Omega,$ which is equal to a smooth function off some
exceptional set. Understanding the relative structure of this set and obtaining sharp
size estimates of the kernel for points near this set is essential for understanding
the mapping properties of the operator. There are many results of this nature for
pseudoconvex domains of finite-type, where the exceptional set is precisely the diagonal
of $\partial\Omega\times\partial\Omega.$ Comparatively little is known for non-pseudoconvex
domains. We discuss the latter for a subclass of tubular domains in $\mathbb C^2$
and show, in particular, that the exceptional set contains points on {\it and off}
of the diagonal. *

**Jennifer Halfpap (University of Montana)**

Title: The Szegö Kernel for non-pseudoconvex domains in C2 and an associated family
of exponential integrals*Abstract: [**PDF] **In the harmonic analysis approach to the Szego and Bergman projection operators,
one uses the Fourier transform to derive an explicit expression for the kernel as
a certain oscillatory integral. This approach, pioneered by Nagel, Stein, Wainger,
and others, yielded proofs of the Lp boundedness of these operators for smoothly bounded
pseudoconvex domains of nite type in C2. For domains that are not pseudoconvex or
not of nite type, the approach is still valid, but the analysis of the resulting oscillatory
integral is much more delicate. In particular, it requires detailed information about
a certain family of exponential integrals. In this talk, we discuss recent and ongoing
work on this problem.*

**Chizuko Iwaki (University of Arkansas)**

Title: Strong Stein Neighborhood Bases for Nonsmooth Pseudoconvex Domains *Abstract: In 1998, Michel and Shaw defined a strictly pseudoconvex Lipschitz domain
to be a domain with a Lipschitz defining function that is strictly plurisubharmonic
in a neighborhood of the boundary. Inspired by this definition, I showed that if the
defining function is only strictly plurisubharmonic inside the domain, then under
certain conditions, one can still find a Strong Stein neighborhood Basis outside the
domain. This is part of my thesis research with Phil Harrington.*

**Ken Koenig (The Ohio State University)**

Title: Maximal hypoellipticity for the $\overline{\partial}$-Neumann problem *Abstract:We establish maximal hypoellipticity (in $L^p$-Sobolev and Lipschitz norms)
for the $\overline{\partial}$-Neumann problem on smooth, bounded pseudoconvex domains
in $\mathbb{C} ^n$ under the weakest possible condition on the Levi form. In particular,
maximal hypoellipticity holds on the level of $(n-1)$-forms for all smooth, bounded
pseudoconvex domains of finite commutator type.*

**Bingyuan Liu (Washington University in St. Louis)**

Title: Characterization of domains by their automorphism groups *Abstract: [**PDF] **Using holomorphic automorphism of a Ω domain to characterize the property of Ω dates
back the time of Cartan. This point of view was developed since 1970s by many people,
like Bedford, Greene, Pinchuk, Kim, Krantz, Pinchuk, Rosay, Verma and Wong. In particular,
the Wong and Rosay gave separately their theorems that noncompact automorphism groups
which accumulates at a strongly pseduconvex point can happen only for the ball. Later,
Greene-Krantz gave their conjecture that the orbit accumulation points of the noncompact
automorphisms should be of nite type. Inthis talk, we consider the question from another
aspect. We prove, in C2, the fact of (global) pseudoconvexity of the Ω domain after
assuming some conditions on the behaviors of the automorphism groups. We also generalize
the well-known Wong-Rosay Theorem to the Kahler manifold.*

**Jeff McNeal (The Ohio State University)**

Title: Regularity of a twisted d-bar Neumann problem *Abstract: I'll discuss how a twisted version of the d-bar Neumann problem is globally
regular on any smoothly bounded pseudo convex domain in C^n, unlike the ordinary d-bar
Neumann problem*.

**Alexander Nagel (University of Wisconsin-Madison)**

Title: Multiparameter Geometry and Analysis I-V *Abstract: (n/a)*

**Aaron Peterson (University of Wisconsin-Madison)**

Title: Estimates for the Szeg\H{o} kernels of uniformly finite-type domains*Abstract: This talk will introduce the study of \bar{\partial}_b on uniformly finite-type
domains, or unbounded model subdomains of \mathbb{C}**2 whose boundaries satisfy a uniform local finite-type hypothesis. I will discuss
precise growth and cancellation estimates for the Szeg\H{o} kernel on such domains.*

**Malabika Pramanik (University of British Columbia) **Title: Kakeya-type sets and directional maximal operators for a Cantor set of directions

*Abstract: In joint work with Edward Kroc, we establish that in an Euclidean space of any dimension,sets of directions generated by Cantor-like subsets of curves admit Kakeya-type sets. This implies unboundedness of the corresponding directional maximal operator.***Fulvio Ricci (Scuola Normale Superiore)**

Title: Riesz transforms for the Hodge-de Rham Laplacian on the Heisenberg group *Abstract: [**PDF] **The spectral analysis of the Hodge-de Rham laplacian on the Heisenberg group has been
carried over jointly with D. Muller and M. Peloso. We discuss some aspects of this
analysis, focusing on the Lp-boundedness of the Riesz transforms between spaces of
differential forms of different degrees on one side, and on the presentation of a
relevant algebra of pseudo-local multiplier operators on the other.*

**Emil Straube (Texas A&M University)**

Title: Sobolev estimates for the complex Green operator on CR submanifolds of hypersurface* type Abstract: Let $M$ be a pseudoconvex, oriented, bounded and closed CR submanifold of
$\mathbb{C}^{n}$ of hypersurface type. Our main result says that when a certain $1$-form
is exact on the null space of the Levi form, then the complex Green operator on $M$
satisfies Sobolev estimates. This happens in particular when $M$ admits a set of plurisubharmonic
defining functions or when $M$ is strictly pseudoconvex except for the points on a
simply connected complex submanifold. This is joint work with Yunus Zeytuncu.*

**Emil Straube (Texas A&M University)**

Title: Sobolev estimates for the complex Green operator on CR submanifolds of hypersurface
type *Abstract: Let $M$ be a pseudoconvex, oriented, bounded and closed CR submanifold of
$\mathbb{C}^{n}$ of hypersurface type. Our main result says that when a certain $1$-form
is exact on the null space of the Levi form, then the complex Green operator on $M$
satisfies Sobolev estimates. This happens in particular when $M$ admits a set of plurisubharmonic
defining functions or when $M$ is strictly pseudoconvex except for the points on a
simply connected complex submanifold. This is joint work with Yunus Zeytuncu.*

**Pascal Thomas (Université Paul Sabatier - Toulouse III)**

Title: Infinite type and failure of Gromov hyperbolicity *Abstract: [**PDF]*

**Michael Tinker (University of Arkansas)**Title: Heat kernel estimates for Schr\"{o}dinger operators with reverse H\"{o}lder
potentials

*Abstract: [**PDF]**Given $\bar{D} = \bar{\partial} + \tau P_{\bar{z}}$ on $L^2(\mathbb{C})$, $\tau > 0$, and $D$ its formal adjoint, the heat kernel associated $\bar{D}{D}$ has been studied by Christ when $\Delta P$ is a doubling measure and later by Raich when $P$ is a subharmonic, nonharmonic polynomial. Both were motivated by a connection to the three-dimensional CR manifold $M \subset \mathbb{C}^2$ defined by $\textrm{Im}\,w = P(z)$; after $M$ is identified with $\mathbb{C}\times\mathbb{R}$, $\bar{\partial}_{b}$ on $M$ goes over to $\bar{D}$ under a Fourier transform in the real direction. We begin in this setting with $P(x,y) = P(x)$, where $P \in C^2(\mathbb{R})$ satisfies a reverse H\"{o}lder condition. Now a Fourier transform in the $y$-direction is also possible; we obtain upper bounds on the heat kernel associated to $\hat{\bar{D}}\hat{D}$ by improving known results for Schr\"{o}dinger operators.***Po Lam Yung (University of Oxford)**

Title: An algebra of pseudodifferential operators with mixed homogeneities *Abstract: In this talk, we introduce an algebra of pseudodifferential operators with
mixed homogeneities, when a smooth distribution of tangent subspaces is given on a
manifold. We have in mind applications to several complex variables, when the manifold
is the boundary of a strongly pseudoconvex domain in $\mathbb{C}^n$, and the relevant
distribution is the contact distribution. The goal is to understand the phenomena
that arise when one composes elliptic operators with sub-elliptic operators. This
is joint work with E.M. Stein.*

**Yue Zhang (Texas A&M University)**

Title: Invariance property and obstructions of Property $(P_q)$ *Abstract: Based on Catlin's work, on any smooth pseduconvex domain $\Omega$, Property
$(P_q)$ of $b\Omega$ implies the compactness of the $\overline{\partial}$-Neumann
operator $N_q$ on $(0,q)$-forms. By Sibony's work, Property $(P_q)$ can be studied
by potential theoretic method within the framework of Choquet theory. In our talk,
we will discuss the invariance property of Property $(P_q)$ of a compact subset $K\subset\mathbb{C}^n$
under holomorphic functions $f:~\mathbb{C}^n\rightarrow\mathbb{C}^m$ in some special
cases. We will also discuss the obstructions of Property $(P_q)$ of any compact subset
in $\mathbb{C}^n$ in terms of the fine topology.*

**Jeffrey McNeal (The Ohio State University)**SLS 2014 - 02

**Yue Zhang (Texas A&M University)**

SLS 2014 - 03

**Mustafa Ayyuru (Texas A&M University)**

SLS 2014 - 04

**Malabika Pramanik (University of British Columbia)**

SLS 2014 - 06

**Bingyuan Liu (Washington University in St. Louis)**

SLS 2014 - 07

**Alexander Nagel (University of Wisconsin-Madison) **

SLS 2014 - 10